Introduction ::JordanBackground:Following World War I and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations awarded Britain the mandate to govern much of the Middle East. Britain demarcated a semi-autonomous region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s. The area gained its independence in 1946 and thereafter became The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The country's long-time ruler, King HUSSEIN (1953-99), successfully navigated competing pressures from the major powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large internal Palestinian population. Jordan lost the West Bank to Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War. King HUSSEIN in 1988 permanently relinquished Jordanian claims to the West Bank; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel. King ABDALLAH II, King HUSSEIN's eldest son, assumed the throne following his father's death in 1999. He implemented modest political and economic reforms, but in the wake of the ""Arab Revolution"" across the Middle East, Jordanians continue to press for further political liberalization, government reforms, and economic improvements.Geography ::JordanLocation:Middle East, northwest of Saudi Arabia, between Israel (to the west) and IraqGeographic coordinates:31 00 N, 36 00 EArea:total: 89,342 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 112land: 88,802 sq kmwater: 540 sq kmArea - comparative:slightly smaller than IndianaLand boundaries:total: 1,635 kmborder countries: Iraq 181 km, Israel 238 km, Saudi Arabia 744 km, Syria 375 km, West Bank 97 kmCoastline:26 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 3 nmClimate:mostly arid desert; rainy season in west (November to April)Terrain:mostly desert plateau in east, highland area in west; Great Rift Valley separates East and West Banks of the Jordan RiverElevation extremes:lowest point: Dead Sea -408 mhighest point: Jabal Umm ad Dami 1,854 mNatural resources:phosphates, potash, shale oilLand use:arable land: 1.97%permanent crops: 0.95%other: 97.08% (2011)Irrigated land:788.6 sq km (2004)Total renewable water resources:0.94 cu km (2011)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 0.94 cu km/yr (31%/4%/65%)per capita: 166 cu m/yr (2005)Natural hazards:droughts; periodic earthquakesEnvironment - current issues:limited natural freshwater resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertificationEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlandssigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:strategic location at the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and as the Arab country that shares the longest border with Israel and the occupied West BankPeople and Society ::JordanNationality:noun: Jordanian(s)adjective: JordanianEthnic groups:Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%Languages:Arabic (official), English (widely understood among upper and middle classes)Religions:Sunni Muslim 92% (official), Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shia Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)Population:6,482,081 (July 2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 104Age structure:0-14 years: 34.6% (male 1,154,791/female 1,089,901)15-24 years: 19.9% (male 661,516/female 625,311)25-54 years: 36.2% (male 1,181,882/female 1,164,957)55-64 years: 4.3% (male 133,371/female 142,636)65 years and over: 5.1% (male 158,514/female 169,202) (2013 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 60.2 %youth dependency ratio: 54.5 %elderly dependency ratio: 5.7 %potential support ratio: 17.6 (2013)Median age:total: 22.6 yearsmale: 22.2 yearsfemale: 22.9 years (2013 est.)Population growth rate:0.14% (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Birth rate:26.23 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 52Death rate:2.8 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 221Net migration rate:-22.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 221Urbanization:urban population: 82.7% of total population (2011)rate of urbanization: 2.17% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)Major urban areas - population:AMMAN (capital) 1.088 million (2009)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)Mother's mean age at first birth:24.9note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)Maternal mortality rate:63 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)country comparison to the world: 98Infant mortality rate:total: 15.26 deaths/1,000 live birthscountry comparison to the world: 108male: 15.89 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 14.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)Life expectancy at birth:total population: 80.3 yearscountry comparison to the world: 29male: 78.91 yearsfemale: 81.77 years (2013 est.)Total fertility rate:3.32 children born/woman (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 50Contraceptive prevalence rate:59.3% (2009)Health expenditures:8% of GDP (2010)country comparison to the world: 59Physicians density:2.45 physicians/1,000 population (2009)Hospital bed density:1.8 beds/1,000 population (2010)Drinking water source:improved:urban: 98% of populationrural: 92% of populationtotal: 97% of populationunimproved:urban: 2% of populationrural: 8% of populationtotal: 3% of population (2010 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved:urban: 98% of populationrural: 98% of populationtotal: 98% of populationunimproved:urban: 2% of populationrural: 2% of populationtotal: 2% of population (2010 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:less than 0.1% (2001 est.)country comparison to the world: 140HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:600 (2007 est.)country comparison to the world: 149HIV/AIDS - deaths:fewer than 500 (2003 est.)country comparison to the world: 83Obesity - adult prevalence rate:30% (2008)country comparison to the world: 28Children under the age of 5 years underweight:1.9% (2009)country comparison to the world: 119Education expenditures:NALiteracy:definition: age 15 and over can read and writetotal population: 95.9%male: 97.7%female: 93.9% (2011 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 13 yearsmale: 12 yearsfemale: 13 years (2010)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 29.9%country comparison to the world: 26male: 26.2%female: 46.8% (2011)Government ::JordanCountry name:conventional long form: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordanconventional short form: Jordanlocal long form: Al Mamlakah al Urduniyah al Hashimiyahlocal short form: Al Urdunformer: TransjordanGovernment type:constitutional monarchyCapital:name: Ammangeographic coordinates: 31 57 N, 35 56 Etime difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Friday in April; ends last Friday in Octobernote: Jordan remains on DST following a decision by the government to cancel a change back to Standard Time in October 2012; DST currently scheduled to end the fourth Friday in OctoberAdministrative divisions:12 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Ajlun, Al 'Aqabah, Al Balqa', Al Karak, Al Mafraq, 'Amman, At Tafilah, Az Zarqa', Irbid, Jarash, Ma'an, MadabaIndependence:25 May 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration)National holiday:Independence Day, 25 May (1946)Constitution:1 January 1952; amended many timesLegal system:mixed legal system of civil law and Islamic religious law; judicial review of legislative acts in a specially provided High TribunalInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdictionSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: King ABDALLAH II (since 7 February 1999); Crown Prince HUSSEIN (born 28 June 1994), eldest son of King ABDALLAH IIhead of government: Prime Minister Abdullah NSOUR (since 11 October 2012)cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister in consultation with the monarch; note - a new cabinet was sworn in 30 March 2013(For more information visit the World Leaders website )elections: the monarchy is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarchLegislative branch:bicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-'Umma consists of the Senate, also called the House of Notables or Majlis al-Ayan (60 seats; members appointed by the monarch to serve four-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies, also called the House of Representatives or Majlis al-Nuwaab (150 seats; 123 members elected using the single, non-transferable vote system in multi-member districts, and 27 seats elected using a closed national list system based on proportional representation; all legislators serve four-year terms); note - the new electoral law enacted in July 2012 allocated an additional 10 seats (6 seats added to the number reserved for women, bringing the total to 15; 2 additional seats for Amman; and 1 seat each for the cities of Zarqa and Irbid; unchanged are 9 seats reserved for Christian candidates, 9 for Bedouin candidates, and 3 for Jordanians of Chechen or Circassian descentelections: Chamber of Deputies - last held on 23 January 2013 (next election NA); note - the King dissolved the previous Chamber of Deputies in November 2012, midway through the parliamentary termelection results: Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - 27 elected on closed national list to include: Islamic Centrist Party 3, Nation 2, National Union 2, Stronger Jordan 2, Ahl al-Himma 1, Al-Bayyan 1, Citizenship 1, Construction 1, Cooperation 1, Dawn 1, Dignity 1, Free Voice 1, Labor and Trade 1, National Accord Youth Block 1, National Action 1, National Current 1 (member resigned in February 2013), National Unity 1, Nobel Jerusalem 1, Salvation 1, The People 1, Unified Front 1, Voice of Nation 1; other 123; note - the IAF boycotted the electionJudicial branch:highest court(s): Court of Cassation or Supreme Court (consists of 7 judges including the chief justice; 7-judge panels for important cases and 5 judge panels for most appeals cases)judge selection and term of office: chief justice appointed by the king; other judges nominated by the Higher Judicial Council and approved by the king; judge tenure NAsubordinate courts: courts of appeal; magistrate courts; courts of first instance; religious courts; State Security CourtPolitical parties and leaders:Ahl al-HimmaAl-BayyanAl-Hayah Jordanian Pary [Zahier AMR]Arab Ba'ath Socialist Party [Akram al-HIMSI]Ba'ath Arab Progressive Party [Fuad DABBOUR]CitizenshipConstructionCooperationDawnDemocratic People's Party [Ablah ABU ULBAH]Democratic Popular Unity Party [Sa'id DIAB]DignityDu'a Party [Muhammed ABU BAKR]Free VoiceIslamic Action Front or IAF [Hamzah MANSOUR]Islamic Centrist Party [Muhammad al-HAJ]Jordanian Communist Party [Munir HAMARNAH]Jordanian National Party [Muna ABU BAKR]Jordanian United Front [Amjad al-MAJALI]Labor and TradeNationNational Accord Youth BlockNational ActionNational Constitution Party [Ahmad al-SHUNAQ]National Current Party [Abd al-Hadi al-MAJALI]National Movement for Direct Democracy [Muhammad al-QAQ]National UnionNational UnityNobel JerusalemRisalah Party [Hazem QASHOU]SalvationStronger JordanThe Direct Democratic Nationalists Movement Party [Nash'at KHALIFAH]The PeopleUnified FrontUnited FrontVoice of the NationPolitical pressure groups and leaders:15 April Movement [Mohammad SUNEID, chairman]24 March Movement [Mu'az al-KHAWALIDAH, Abdel Rahman HASANEIN, spokespersons]1952 Constitution MovementAnti-Normalization Committee [Hamzah MANSOUR, chairman]Economic and Social Association of Retired Servicemen and Veterans or ESARSV [Abdulsalam al-HASSANAT, chairman]Group of 36Higher Coordination Committee of Opposition Parties [Said DIAB]Higher National Committee for Military Retirees or HNCMR [Ali al-HABASHNEH, chairman]HirakJordan Bar Association [Saleh al-ARMUTI, chairman]Jordanian Campaign for Change or JayinJordanian Muslim Brotherhood [Dr. Hamam SAID, controller general]Jordanian Press Association [Sayf al-SHARIF, president]National Front for Reform or NFR [Ahmad OBEIDAT, chairman]Popular Gathering for ReformProfessional Associations Council [Abd al-Hadi al-FALAHAT, chairman]Sons of JordanInternational organization participation:ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, CAEU, CD, CICA, EBRD, FAO, G-11, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAS, MIGA, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE (partner), PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNRWA, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTODiplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Alia Hatough BOURANchancery: 3504 International Drive NW, Washington, DC 20008telephone:  (202) 966-2664FAX:  (202) 966-3110Diplomatic representation from the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Stuart E. JONESembassy: Abdoun, Al-Umawyeen St., Ammanmailing address: P. O. Box 354, Amman 11118 Jordan; Unit 70200, Box 5, DPO AE 09892-0200telephone:  (6) 590-6000FAX:  (6) 592-0163Flag description:three equal horizontal bands of black (top), representing the Abbassid Caliphate, white, representing the Ummayyad Caliphate, and green, representing the Fatimid Caliphate; a red isosceles triangle on the hoist side, representing the Great Arab Revolt of 1916, and bearing a small white seven-pointed star symbolizing the seven verses of the opening Sura (Al-Fatiha) of the Holy Koran; the seven points on the star represent faith in One God, humanity, national spirit, humility, social justice, virtue, and aspirations; design is based on the Arab Revolt flag of World War INational symbol(s):eagleNational anthem:name: ""As-salam al-malaki al-urdoni"" (Long Live the King of Jordan)lyrics/music: Abdul-Mone'm al-RIFAI'/Abdul-Qader al-TANEERnote: adopted 1946; the shortened version of the anthem is used most commonly, while the full version is reserved for special occasionsEconomy ::JordanEconomy - overview:Jordan's economy is among the smallest in the Middle East, with insufficient supplies of water, oil, and other natural resources, underlying the government's heavy reliance on foreign assistance. Other economic challenges for the government include chronic high rates of poverty, unemployment, inflation, and a large budget deficit. Since assuming the throne in 1999, King ABDALLAH has implemented significant economic reforms, such as opening the trade regime, privatizing state-owned companies, and eliminating some fuel subsidies, which in the last decade spurred economic growth by attracting foreign investment and creating some jobs. The global economic slowdown and regional turmoil, however, have depressed Jordan''s GDP growth, impacting export-oriented sectors, construction, and tourism. In 2011 and 2012, the government approved two economic relief packages and a budgetary supplement, meant to improve the living conditions for the middle and poor classes. Jordan''s finances have also been strained by a series of natural gas pipeline attacks in Egypt, causing Jordan to substitute more expensive diesel imports, primarily from Saudi Arabia, to generate electricity. Jordan is currently exploring nuclear power generation in addition to the exploitation of abundant oil shale reserves and renewable technologies to forestall energy shortfalls. In 2012, to correct budgetary and balance of payments imbalances, Jordan entered into a $2.1 billion, multiple year International Monetary Fund Stand-By Arrangement. Jordan''s financial sector has been relatively isolated from the international financial crisis because of its limited exposure to overseas capital markets. Jordan will continue to depend heavily on foreign assistance to finance the deficit in 2013.GDP (purchasing power parity):$39.29 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 105$38.22 billion (2011 est.)$37.25 billion (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGDP (official exchange rate):$31.21 billion (2012 est.)GDP - real growth rate:2.8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1142.6% (2011 est.)2.3% (2010 est.)GDP - per capita (PPP):$6,100 (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 149$6,100 (2011 est.)$6,100 (2010 est.)note: data are in 2012 US dollarsGross national saving:6.2% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 13712.6% of GDP (2011 est.)19.6% of GDP (2010 est.)GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 73.6%government consumption: 21.8%investment in fixed capital: 25.9%investment in inventories: -1.6%exports of goods and services: 44.7%imports of goods and services: -64.4%(2012 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 3.1%industry: 30.1%services: 66.8% (2012 est.)Agriculture - products:citrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, strawberries, stone fruits; sheep, poultry, dairyIndustries:clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphate mining, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing, tourismIndustrial production growth rate:0.8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 122Labor force:1.835 million (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 126Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 2.7%industry: 20%services: 77.4% (2007 est.)Unemployment rate:12.5% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 12912.3% (2011 est.)note: official rate; unofficial rate is approximately 30%Population below poverty line:14.2% (2002)Household income or consumption by percentage share:lowest 10%: 3.4%highest 10%: 28.7% (2010 est.)Distribution of family income - Gini index:39.7 (2007)country comparison to the world: 6236.4 (1997)Budget:revenues: $6.668 billionexpenditures: $9.678 billion (2012 est.)Taxes and other revenues:21.4% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 155Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-9.6% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 200Public debt:75% of GDP (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 3270.7% of GDP (2011 est.)note: data cover central government debt, and include debt instruments issued (or owned) by government entities other than the treasury; the data include treasury debt held by foreign entities; the data exclude debt issued by subnational entities, as well as intra-governmental debt; intra-governmental debt consists of treasury borrowings from surpluses in the social funds, such as for retirement, medical care, and unemployment; debt instruments for the social funds are not sold at public auctionsFiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):4.8% (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1404.4% (2011 est.)Central bank discount rate:0.3% (31 December 2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 784.75% (31 December 2009 est.)Commercial bank prime lending rate:8.95% (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 1088.67% (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of narrow money:$10.17 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 76$10.26 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of broad money:$38.61 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 72$34.02 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of domestic credit:$35.39 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 70$30.81 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Market value of publicly traded shares:$27 billion (31 December 2012)country comparison to the world: 58$27.18 billion (31 December 2011)$30.86 billion (31 December 2010)Current account balance:-$3.359 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 151-$2.871 billion (2011 est.)Exports:$7.897 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 102$8.018 billion (2011 est.)Exports - commodities:clothing, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, vegetables, pharmaceuticalsExports - partners:US 16.6%, Iraq 15.1%, Saudi Arabia 11%, India 10.5%, Indonesia 4.2% (2012)Imports:$18.4 billion (2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 77$16.85 billion (2011 est.)Imports - commodities:crude oil, machinery, transport equipment, iron, cerealsImports - partners:Saudi Arabia 23.6%, China 9.4%, US 6.7%, Italy 4.7%, Turkey 4.6% (2012)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$8.829 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 76$12.11 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Debt - external:$17.71 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 82$17.63 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:$24.33 billion (31 December 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 65$22.92 billion (31 December 2011 est.)Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:$NAExchange rates:Jordanian dinars (JOD) per US dollar -0.709 (2012 est.)0.709 (2011 est.)0.71 (2010 est.)0.709 (2009)0.709 (2008)Energy ::JordanElectricity - production:14.64 billion kWh (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 85Electricity - consumption:13.54 billion kWh (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 78Electricity - exports:86 million kWh (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 73Electricity - imports:1.738 billion kWh (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 53Electricity - installed generating capacity:3.14 million kW (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 86Electricity - from fossil fuels:99.3% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 58Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 115Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0.5% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 144Electricity - from other renewable sources:0.2% of total installed capacity (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 88Crude oil - production:20 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 101Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Crude oil - imports:29,310 bbl/day (2009 est.)country comparison to the world: 64Crude oil - proved reserves:1 million bbl (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 99Refined petroleum products - production:79,190 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 79Refined petroleum products - consumption:107,000 bbl/day (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 75Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Refined petroleum products - imports:18,620 bbl/day (2008 est.)country comparison to the world: 106Natural gas - production:226.5 million cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 75Natural gas - consumption:1.4 billion cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 83Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 123Natural gas - imports:793 million cu m (2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 62Natural gas - proved reserves:6.031 billion cu m (1 January 2012 est.)country comparison to the world: 85Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:19.07 million Mt (2010 est.)country comparison to the world: 84Communications ::JordanTelephones - main lines in use:465,400 (2011)country comparison to the world: 102Telephones - mobile cellular:7.483 million (2011)country comparison to the world: 93Telephone system:general assessment: service has improved recently with increased use of digital switching equipment; microwave radio relay transmission and coaxial and fiber-optic cable are employed on trunk lines; growing mobile-cellular usage in both urban and rural areas is reducing use of fixed-line servicesdomestic: 1995 telecommunications law opened all non-fixed-line services to private competition; in 2005, monopoly over fixed-line services terminated and the entire telecommunications sector was opened to competition; currently multiple mobile-cellular providers with subscribership reaching 115 per 100 persons in 2011international: country code - 962; landing point for the Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG) FEA and FLAG Falcon submarine cable networks; satellite earth stations - 33 (3 Intelsat, 1 Arabsat, and 29 land and maritime Inmarsat terminals); fiber-optic cable to Saudi Arabia and microwave radio relay link with Egypt and Syria; participant in Medarabtel (2011)Broadcast media:radio and TV dominated by the government-owned Jordan Radio and Television Corporation (JRTV) that operates a main network, a sports network, a film network, and a satellite channel; first independent TV broadcaster aired in 2007; international satellite TV and Israeli and Syrian TV broadcasts are available; roughly 30 radio stations with JRTV operating the main government-owned station; transmissions of multiple international radio broadcasters are available (2007)Internet country code:.joInternet hosts:69,473 (2012)country comparison to the world: 89Internet users:1.642 million (2009)country comparison to the world: 78Transportation ::JordanAirports:18 (2013)country comparison to the world: 140Airports - with paved runways:total: 16over 3,047 m: 82,438 to 3,047 m: 51,524 to 2,437 m: 2914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 2under 914 m:2 (2013)Heliports:1 (2012)Pipelines:gas 473 km; oil 49 km (2013)Railways:total: 507 kmcountry comparison to the world: 111narrow gauge: 507 km 1.050-m gauge (2008)Roadways:total: 7,891 kmcountry comparison to the world: 141paved: 7,891 km (2009)Merchant marine:total: 12country comparison to the world: 107by type: cargo 4, passenger/cargo 6, petroleum tanker 1, roll on/roll off 1foreign-owned: 2 (UAE 2)registered in other countries: 16 (Bahamas 2, Egypt 2, Indonesia 1, Panama 11) (2010)Ports and terminals:Al 'AqabahMilitary ::JordanMilitary branches:Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF): Royal Jordanian Land Force (RJLF), Royal Jordanian Navy, Royal Jordanian Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Malakiya al-Urduniya, RJAF), Special Operations Command (Socom); Public Security Directorate (normally falls under Ministry of Interior, but comes under JAF in wartime or crisis) (2013)Military service age and obligation:17 years of age for voluntary male military service; initial service term 2 years, with option to reenlist for 18 years; conscription at age 18 suspended in 1999; women not subject to conscription, but can volunteer to serve in noncombat military positions in the Royal Jordanian Arab Army Women's Corps and RJAF (2013)Manpower available for military service:males age 16-49: 1,674,260females age 16-49: 1,611,315 (2010 est.)Manpower fit for military service:males age 16-49: 1,439,192females age 16-49: 1,384,500 (2010 est.)Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:male: 73,574female: 69,420 (2010 est.)Military expenditures:9.5% of GDP (2012)country comparison to the world: 4Transnational Issues ::JordanDisputes - international:2004 Agreement settles border dispute with Syria pending demarcationRefugees and internally displaced persons:refugees (country of origin): 1,979,580 (Palestinian refugees (UNRWA)) (2011); 63,037 (Iraq) (2012); 519,676 (Syria) (2013)"
The World Factbook. 2014.
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